With four distinct zones, the Rocky Mountains, the Great Plains, the Basin and Range region, and the Colorado Plateau, the Enchantment state offers something for a wide variety of birds. The “Land of Enchantment”, New Mexico is very much a birding hotspot in its own right.
With 549 species, New Mexico has the fourth-highest state list of any state in the United States, an accomplishment made all the more astounding given the state’s hundreds of miles from the nearest coast.
Let’s discuss these New Mexico birds in the section below!
New Mexico birds of prey
The state’s northern portions are densely forested, the ideal habitat for an alpha predator bird of prey.
These habitats are home to a variety of birds of prey, including hawks, eagles, kites, harriers, and Old-World vultures. These birds have enormous hooked beaks capable of shredding flesh from their victims, strong legs, sharp talons, and acute vision.
In New Mexico, twenty-one species have been identified. However, its habitat is far more diverse than most people believe.
Eagles in New Mexico
The sight of an eagle flying freely can mean a lot of different things to different people. For religious and ceremonial purposes in many Native American tribes, the parts of an eagle are used, as well. But eagles are a part of almost every culture where they live. The bald eagle, of course, is the national bird of the United States. It is also the only eagle found in North America.
In New Mexico, there are only a few pairs of bald eagles that stay together and raise their young all year. Today, they are doing what they can to protect these birds from being endangered.
Haliaeetus Leucocephalus – Bald Eagle
Accipiter Cooperii – Cooper’s Hawk
Accipiter Striatus – Sharp-Shinned Hawk
Circus Hudsonius – Northern Harrier
Aquila Chrysaetos – Golden Eagle
Buteo Jamaicensis – Red-Tailed Hawk
Owls in New Mexico
This isn’t a surprise, since the Land of Enchantment has five big national forests and two big national parks. There are about 546 different types of birds that live there year-round or just for a short time.
There are a lot of different kinds of birds in New Mexico, but there are also a lot of owls for you to look at and study. Because the eastern screech-owl and the barred owl aren’t common in New Mexico, we only talked about the 13 other species that live there all year. People who are interested in these birds of prey should keep reading. We’ll tell you all about them.
Common backyard birds of New Mexico
There are many different kinds of plants and animals in New Mexico, which makes it a very big and interesting place. New Mexico is often overlooked by birdwatchers from other states who are looking for new places to go. That’s not to say that the “Land of Enchantment” isn’t a great place to see birds.
Take a look at these common backyard birds that come to your yard all the time.
Woodpeckers in New Mexico
New Mexico’s diverse habitats provide an ideal environment for woodpecker variety. Indeed, New Mexico woodpeckers encompass thirteen species across four of the state’s five native genera.
The New Mexico Ornithological Society has documented sixteen distinct species throughout the state’s history. Without a doubt, New Mexico is a woodpecker hotspot.
Best Birdwatching Spots in New Mexico
The Land of Enchantment is the name given to New Mexico because it has a lot of magic. It is where some of the most famous and memorable pictures of the Western United States were taken. The state’s landscape is made up of rose-colored deserts, rocky mesas, forests, and snow-covered peaks. Before you go on a New Mexico bird-watching trip, you need to know where the best places are to look.
Here are the top five places where you can go bird-watching.
- Bosque Del Apache National Wildlife Refuge
- Carlsbad Caverns National Park
- Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge
- Rio Grande Nature Center State Park
- Percha Dam State Park
Other New Mexico birds
Wildlife and nature lovers from all over the world came to New Mexico to see the unique and interesting animals and plants that make this state so great. Today, let’s look at some other common birds you can find in the states to keep an eye on.
If you have encountered a bird in New Mexico that is not yet on our list or that you cannot identify yourself, we’ll be happy to identify it for you. Simply take a picture of it and upload your picture, a quick description and the U.S. state where it was found here on our bird identification page.