Maine is home to 448 different bird species, making it the birder’s paradise. Approximately 290 of them are birds that are native to Maine or that visit on a regular basis. Four bird species have been declared extinct, and 10 others have been designated as endangered. Approximately 50 bird species in this state are designated as Species of Particular Concern.
Maine has a tremendously diverse environment, which results in a wide variety of habitats suited for a wide variety of bird species. In addition, many of Maine’s island-nesting seabirds, such as Atlantic puffins and razorbills, reach their southern breeding endpoint on Maine’s islands, where they spend the majority of their time.
In 1927, the black-capped chickadee (Poecile atricapillus) was proclaimed as the official state bird of Maine, and it has remained thus since.
Maine birds of prey
It is believed that the term “raptor” comes from the Latin “rapere,” which means “to grasp or take by force.” There are several different types of raptors that can be found in Maine.
Among the many species of birds of prey in the Accipitridae family are hawks, eagles, kites, harriers, and Old World vultures, among others. These birds have enormous, powerful hooked beaks that they use to shred flesh from their victims. They also have strong legs, sharp talons, and excellent vision. In Maine, fifteen different species have been identified.
Eagles in Maine
There are only two types of eagles that are indigenous to North America. Both can be found in Maine at any time of year. Throughout the year, with the exception of the middle of winter, at least 2,000 bald eagles can be spotted throughout the state.
At any given period of the year, the golden eagle population is almost definitely less than 100 birds, and in some months, the population may be as low as ten individuals. More people come to Maine as fall or spring migrants than any other time of year.
Bald eagles are currently listed as a State Species of Special Concern by the Department of Natural Resources. Golden eagles are listed as Endangered Species by the state of California. The Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act of 1918 protects both species under the authority of the federal government.
Owls in Maine
On the whole, most typical owls in Maine (Order Strigiformes – Family Strigidae) are nocturnal (crepuscular). Conversely, short-eared and northern hawk owls are active all day. Barn owls (Tytonidae) used to breed in Maine but no longer do.
Barred and great horned owls are common year-round residents of Maine. These enormous owls frequently nest in crow or other raptor nests. Northern saw-whet owls (not shown) are small owls that nest in northern Maine’s coniferous woods.
Several owls emerge in higher numbers in Maine during food shortages in their breeding sites in northern Canada and Alaska.
Common backyard birds of Maine
Maine is home to a variety of indigenous bird species. In Maine, over 448 different species of birds can be spotted at various periods of the year. New Hampshire shares a number of birds with Maine due to their proximity. Birds in Maine range from the more common Black-capped Chickadee to the less common Bay-breasted Warbler.
Woodpeckers in Maine
Woodpeckers help reduce bug infestations in Maine. Woodpeckers are pests when they use buildings for food, territorial/social drumming, or nest building. These activities not only produce noise but also structural harm.
Maine has nine woodpecker species: Pigeons (Picoides villosus), Three-toed (Picoides tridactylus), and Black-backed (Picoides arcticus) are among the most common in North America (Dryocopus pileatus).
These birds and their identifications can be found below.
Best Birdwatching Spots in Maine
Maine has a great deal to offer any traveler, from fragrant evergreen forests and scenic lighthouses to mountain peaks and some of North America’s most magnificent rocky shorelines. The fantastic plus for birders is that all of these sights are included in the state’s best birding destinations. Birders spend considerable time inspecting water treatment systems and scouting farm areas.
- Monhegan Island
- Biddeford Pool/East Point Sanctuary
- Scarborough Marsh
- Gilsland Farm Audubon Center
- Acadia National Park
Other Maine birds
The following is a list of lovely other birds found in Maine, complete with photographs and identification. Additionally, we added information on the frequency with which the birds are observed, as well as the time of year during which they are observed.
If you have encountered a bird in Maine that you cannot identify yourself, we’ll be happy to identify it for you. Simply take a picture of it and upload your picture, a quick description and the U.S. state where it was found here on our bird identification page.