Strix Nebulosa – Great Gray Owl

Strix nebulosa - Great gray owl in the United States

When measured in length, the great grey owl or known in Latin as Strix nebulosa is the largest owl in the world. It is the world’s largest species of owl, and it is the world’s largest owl by weight. Its range extends over the Northern Hemisphere, and it is the only species of the genus Strix in the family of Strigidae to be found in both the Eastern and Western Hemispheres, making it unique among its contemporaries.

Quick Overview: Strix Nebulosa – Great Gray Owl
Body size: Around 24-33 in (61-84 cm) and a weight of 771 g (27.2 oz)
Main colors: Gray, Yellow
Range: Mountain range of western United States
Migratory Bird: No
Best time of the year to see in the U.S.: All Year (January – December)
Conservation Status: Least Concern

Great Gray Owl Description

The Great Gray Owl is Alaska’s tallest owl, at 24-33 inches tall with a wingspan of 54-60 inches. It has a bigger, grayer head and no ear tufts. Yellow bill and eyes face disk with two prominent gray concentric circles. The feathers on the disk assist route sound to the secret ear holes. Like the owl’s skull, huge bony cups surround the ear holes.

Strix nebulosa - Great gray owl in the United States
Strix nebulosa – Great gray owl. Photo by: Fyn Kynd


These owls have a length of 24-33 in (61-84 cm) and a weight of 771 g (27.2 oz). Their wings could range from 54-60 in (137-152 cm).


Hunting by perching on a tree overlooking a field or open region. The owl’s excellent hearing allows it to locate prey even under two feet of snow or in tunnels. When the owl finds a rodent, it softly glides down from its perch and grabs it with its keen talons. In the snow, the owl’s spread wing feathers leave fresh “plunge marks.” Some locations have no signs of great gray owls at all.


Great gray owls inhabit deep coniferous woods in Canada and western United States montane coniferous forests. In pine and fir forests, it rarely ventures onto tundra barrens and muskeg marshes. Nests amid mature poplar forests and spruce stand with tamarack islands. Overwintering in woodlands, weedy areas with scattered low trees or bushes or brackish tidal meadows.


Great gray owls live alone. The male prepares for breeding and nesting by feeding the female and flying displays. They do not reproduce, however, egg production is linked to food availability. When mice are plentiful, owls lay more eggs and hatch more pups. It is found in Northern Hemisphere coniferous forests and will leave its territory if food is scarce. Strix nebulosa have excellent night vision and hearing. Both the great horned owl and the great gray owl are threatened by ravens and other small birds.

Strix nebulosa Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Subphylum: Chelicerata
  • Class: Aves
  • Order: Strigiformes
  • Family: Strigidae
  • Genus: Strix
  • Species: Strix nebulosa

Other common names

Various other names for this owl include the Phantom of the North, cinereous owl, ghostly owl, Lapland owl, spruce owl, bearded owl, and sooty owl, among others.

Best time of the year to see

In the United States, the best time of year to see these birds is all year round, regardless of the season. This refers to any month of the year between January and December.

Distribution of the Great gray owl in the USA

Northern Minnesota and Wisconsin are home to Great gray owls. In addition, they breed from northern Yukon south to northern Manitoba, northern Ontario, and central California. Winters in the breeding range, occasionally migrating south to the northern tier of States.

The Great gray owl can also be found in the following states in the United States – Idaho, Oregon, and Washington.

Strix Nebulosa – Great Gray Owl

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