Geothlypis Trichas – Common Yellowthroat

A New World warbler is the common yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas). It’s also known as the yellow bandit in the Midwest of the United States. Trikhas is a type of thrush whose name is derived from the Greek word trikhos, which means “hair.”

Quick Overview: Geothlypis Trichas – Common Yellowthroat
Body size: Around 5 in (13 cm) and a weight of 11 g (0.4 oz)
Main colors: Olive-Yellow, Yellow, Gray, Black, Pink
Range: Throughout the United States
Migratory Bird: Yes
Best time of the year to see in the U.S.: June, July, August, September
Conservation Status: Least Concern

Common Yellowthroat Description

Olive-yellow upper parts, bright yellow throat and breast, and pale gray belly characterize this little, skulking warbler. A black mask with a thick white border sits above the head, with a black beak. Legs are pink in color.


These birds have a length of 5 in (13 cm) and a weight of 11 g (0.4 oz). Their wings could range from 8 in (20 cm).


The majority of the creatures are insects. Small grasshoppers, dragonflies, damselflies, mayflies, beetles, grubs, cankerworms, and other caterpillars, moths, flies, ants, aphids, leafhoppers, and other insects are among the creatures it eats; it also eats spiders and a few seeds.


Swamps, marshes, wet thickets, and edges are all examples of wet thickets. Marshes and other very damp settings with dense low vegetation are where it breeds the most. Briars, moist brushy regions, tangles of rank weeds and bushes along streams, and overgrown fields are all good sites to look for a nest, while drier areas are often sparse.


Especially when males are scolding an intruder in the vicinity, Common Yellowthroats fly jerkily and dart around. They’ll chirp chack! as they fly around, then disappear into dense cover, only to reappear to scold once more. When the yellowthroat is in flight, witchity, witchity, witchity, it can be heard singing witchity, witchity, witchity.

Geothlypis Trichas Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Aves
  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Parulidae
  • Genus: Geothlypis
  • Species: Geothlypis trichas

Best time of the year to see

The best time to see these birds in the United States is during the summer season (June – September).

Distribution of the Common Yellowthroat in the USA

Breeds in Alaska, Canada, and the United States. Winters in the tropics and the southern states.

The Common Yellowthroat can be found in the following states in the United States – Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

Geothlypis Trichas – Common Yellowthroat

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